Yemen: Floods 2021 – Final report, DREF Operation no. MDRYE010 – Yemen
Drawing number: FL-2021-000110-YEM
A. ANALYSIS OF THE SITUATION
Description of the disaster
Following a delayed rainy season in Yemen, many governorates have experienced rains of varying intensity accompanied by thunderstorms since July 2021. In August, YRCS agencies reported that heavy rains and floods associated had affected up to 31,300 households with loss of life and property across the country. country. The floods affected 18 out of 22 governorates in Yemen, the most affected being Dhamar, Amran, Al Mahwit, Marib, Ibb, Sanaa City, Sanaa, Hajjah, Al Hodeidah, Al Jawf, Al Bayda and Al Dhale, also spreading to governorates of Lahj, Shabwah, Al Mahrah, Raymah, Socotra and Hadramout.
Shelter, household items, food aid, clean water, and health and care services were identified as immediate needs. During the initial rapid assessment, the YRCS assessment team, various organizations and agencies encountered significant difficulties in reaching the affected communities, as most of the roads were blocked by flood waters. This necessitated a second round of detailed assessments which the YRCS team conducted from late August to early September 2021 across various branches to identify unmet needs and response gaps.
Overview of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement in the country
Given the ongoing conflict in the country since 2014, the presence of Movement partners in Yemen is limited but strong. The IFRC has legal status and has been present since 2003. The IFRC actively supports the YRCS in operational planning and coordination between partners. Key areas of IFRC support include disaster management, health and care, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), national society development (NSD), logistics and planning , monitoring, evaluation and reporting (PMER). The ICRC has an agreement with the Yemeni authorities and has been present in the country since 1962.
Currently, Yemen is one of the ICRC’s priority operations globally and is engaged in different governorates, especially frontline ones, and with a focus on humanitarian interventions in the fields of health, restoration of family links, economic security, water and habitat, protection and management of corpses. . The ICRC also supports and coordinates with YRCS the prepositioning of relief stocks (food and non-food), as well as technical capacities, including safer access and cash and voucher assistance (CVA), complementary to the technical support of the IFRC.
In 2021, the ICRC supported YRCS with 7,000 food rations and 3,000 essential household items (EHI) kits. This has helped the YRCS respond to emergencies quickly and efficiently, especially in the areas where it leads. In the case of joint activities, the ICRC provided direct assistance to beneficiaries in close collaboration with YRCS. The ICRC supported YRCS with 2,800 food rations and 3,000 kits of essential household items in the first half of the year and 2,250 in the third quarter in the north and south of the country.
In addition to the ICRC, four Participating National Societies are present in Yemen and support the YRCS bilaterally: the Danish Red Cross, the German Red Cross, the Norwegian Red Cross and the Qatar Red Crescent. They specialize in health but also in emergency response and contribute to the Movement’s emergency operation with specific resources, such as shelter and household items and additional technical support if needed. Participating National Societies, including the British and Norwegian Red Cross Societies, have also supported the YRCS response by bolstering the Emergency Response Fund.
Overview of non-RCRC actors in the country
In coordination with OCHA, the Camp Management and Coordination (CCCM) cluster worked with authorities to assess needs and mobilize an immediate response at IDP sites. YRCS also coordinated and collaborated with the Shelter/Non-Food Items (NFI), Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Health and Protection, and Food Security and Agriculture (FSAC) clusters to address immediate needs in all affected areas.
YRCS is an active member of the Shelter/NFIs/CCCM Cluster in Yemen, regularly attending meetings and coordinating the operation with the Shelter Cluster in Yemen. All clusters supported YRCS in terms of flood impact assessment and identification of needs, including response planning and coordination. YRCS is considered the main partner in the response to natural disasters such as floods, and its resources are coordinated to meet the unmet needs of affected households.