Which component of physical security deals with external level access control?


Physical security measures protect your property and assets from intruders or natural conditions such as fire, flood, humidity, etc. It has several levels of protection: the exterior parameter, the interior parameter and the interior of the building.

The perimeter component of physical security concerns access control at the external level. Perimeter security is the first step in intrusion security. It is a proactive system that first and foremost detects breaches or intrusions and triggers an alarm. External access control allows or denies a person access to a certain space or property.

Perimeter security includes natural access control and territorial reinforcement.

Natural access control

The landscaping and building features are used to guide people in and out of the property. Criminals generally see a low risk of trespassing if they feel they can move around easily without warning.

Natural access control interferes with decreasing the sense of risk and discourages their desire to access property. It also eliminates all possible escape routes.

Territorial strengthening

Territorial strengthening is the distinction between private and public property to prevent unauthorized access. It gives an authorized person a feeling of domination. Territorial reinforcement also aims to secure the perimeter and keep intruders away from your property.

Some perimeter security measures are barbed wire fences, walls, gates protected by armed guards, vehicle and pedestrian barriers, etc. While measures such as locks, keys, electronic visitor management systems, video detection, external alarms, etc. perimeter.

Therefore, determine and decide if your building requires perimeter access control. Perform a security risk assessment and increase access control to the exterior of your location.

To learn more about physical security and its measures, visit SIA online!

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