The Influence of Climate Change on Wheat Production: A Synthesis Study on Northeastern Syria (April 2022) – Syrian Arab Republic
A new iMMAP report explores climate change and its influence on wheat production in northeast Syria
Funded by USAID and in partnership with the Northeast Syria (NES) Food Security and Agriculture Livelihoods Working Group, iMMAP released a report on climate change and its influence on the Wheat Production: A Synthesis Study of Northeastern Syria.
The 24-page report explores the overall impact of climate change on wheat crop productivity in northeast Syria. The study covered several areas relevant to wheat production, including access to irrigation water, soil fertility management, integrated pest and disease management, annual wheat yields and pre-harvest crop fires in the context of climate change in the NES.
The report highlighted a number of findings, including:
● The results of the study showed that the average temperature has increased in the NES. The region is now about 0.8°C warmer today than 100 years ago with a reduced average rainfall of about 18mm per month per century. ● Wheat yields in the governorates of Al-Hassakeh, Deir-ez-Zor and Ar-Raqqa have reached their lowest level in five years. ● 16% of farmers had no access to any irrigation sources such as water wells and rivers. ● Yield losses caused by high temperatures reached up to 30% in the 2020/21 winter cropping season.
In addition, the iMMAP and the NES Food Security and Agriculture Livelihoods Working Group also made room for recommendations to mitigate the substantial impact felt by stakeholders and households. .