Regular Press Conference by Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Wang Wenbin on September 29, 2022
AFP: According to Pakistani police, a Chinese national was shot dead in Karachi. Could you provide information on the suspect? Does he have a link with the Baloch separatists?
Wang Wenbin: We express our condolences to the victim and our condolences to the injured. To my knowledge, the victim you mentioned was not a Chinese citizen.
CCTV: Today is the UN-designated International Food Loss and Waste Awareness Day. Can you talk about China’s measures, achievements and contribution to reducing food waste?
Wang Wenbin: To quote an old Chinese saying, “Among government priorities, food comes first.” Ensuring food supply has always been the number one priority in China. For the Chinese government, reducing food loss and waste is an important path to food security. President Xi Jinping has personally advocated the “Clean Plate” campaign to foster strong social awareness of valuing food and ending waste. China has strengthened its regulatory and institutional functions, including passing the Food Waste Law, to provide rules for consumers and the restaurant industry. China has modernized grain production infrastructure and equipment, built more than 60 million hectares of high-quality and well-equipped farmland with high and stable yield, and reduced the mechanical loss of grain harvest by optimizing agricultural machinery and equipment, which has enabled China to reduce the waste of wheat harvested in summer this year by 1.25 billion kilograms. China has promoted advanced and applicable technologies including pest control, green storage, and moderate grain and bulk oil processing. The rate of grain loss due to diseases and pests is kept below 5%. China has actively engaged in international cooperation to reduce food loss and waste. We organized the International Conference on Food Loss and Waste in September last year, which was attended by over 50 countries and international organizations. The Jinan Initiative of the International Food Loss Conference was released as part of the effort to build international consensus on this front. China has listed food security as one of the eight priority areas for cooperation in its proposed Global Development Initiative, and is working with all parties to build relevant cooperation and practical measures. China also introduced an initiative on international food security cooperation at the G20 meeting, offering China’s solution to the global food security challenge.
Conserving food and reducing food loss is a common task of the international community that requires the joint efforts of all countries. According to the latest statistics from the World Food Programme, 345 million people face acute food insecurity in 82 countries. UN Secretary General António Guterres has warned that 1.6 billion people cannot be sure they have enough to eat and nearly 250 million are on the brink of starvation. Under the impact of COVID-19, climate change and geopolitical conflicts, the world is under increasing pressure of food shortages and low-income countries are struggling with hunger.
The way food waste is handled in some developed countries, however, is unfortunate. Their per capita food waste ranks among the highest in the world, mainly caused by consumption habits. Even more shocking is the waste of resources and the pollution of the environment in these countries due to overproduction. Take the example of the United States. Every year, America’s food overproduction consumes 140 million acres of farmland, 22 billion tons of blue water, 350 million kilograms of pesticides and 6,350 million kilograms of fertilizers, representing a staggering waste of resources. .
China stands ready to share its experience with all parties, actively push forward the Global Development Initiative, engage in international cooperation to reduce food loss and waste, and jointly uphold global food security. We once again urge developed countries to fulfill their international obligations. We can all contribute to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Zero Hunger and No Poverty goals by minimizing food loss and waste.
People’s Daily: We noted that the BRICS Cooperation Mechanism held a series of meetings in September, including meetings of tourism ministers and energy ministers. Can you share more information?
Wang Wenbin: China is the BRICS Chairmanship for 2022. Since the beginning of this year, China has fulfilled its duty as the BRICS Chairmanship seriously and made every effort to push forward BRICS cooperation in all fields. So far, we have successfully organized nearly 130 meetings and events. In September alone, we held a number of ministerial meetings, including meetings of tourism ministers, energy ministers and disaster management ministers.
Meanwhile, China has vigorously promoted the development of BRICS partnership, deepened the “BRICS Plus” cooperation model and encouraged more developing countries to participate in BRICS cooperation. So far, China has hosted more than 20 “BRICS Plus” events, including high-level meetings of foreign ministers, trade ministers and health ministers, as well as events in sectors such as as poverty reduction, industrial internet and digital manufacturing, and reflection. tanks and civil society organizations. The “BRICS Plus” cooperation model provides a new cooperation platform for emerging markets and developing countries and helps promote solidarity and cooperation among developing countries. It has been fully recognized by BRICS member states and other developing countries.
During the rest of the year, China will host more than 30 BRICS meetings and events. We stand ready to work with other BRICS members to implement the outcomes and consensus reached at the 14th BRICS summit in June, make unremitting efforts to deepen solidarity and cooperation between emerging markets and developing countries. development, and bring more stability and positive energy to world peace and development.
Xinhua News Agency: Tensions between Palestine and Israel have increased with recurring clashes in East Jerusalem, particularly around the al-Aqsa Mosque. Do you have a comment?
Wang Wenbin: China is deeply concerned about the heightened tensions in Jerusalem. We oppose any action aimed at unilaterally changing the historic status quo in Jerusalem and call on the parties concerned, including Israel, to remain calm and exercise restraint in order to prevent the situation from spiraling out of control.
The root cause of the recurrence of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict lies in the long absence of implementation of the two-state solution. The international community should act with a stronger sense of urgency and facilitate the early resumption of peace talks between Palestine and Israel on the basis of the two-state solution so that peace can prevail between the two parties as soon as possible. .
Yonhap News Agency: Today marks the 50th anniversary of the normalization of relations between China and Japan. What’s your comment ?
Wang Wenbin: Today marks the 50th anniversary of the normalization of China-Japan relations. President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang both exchanged congratulatory messages with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida. The leaders of the two countries positively commented on the major historical significance of the normalization of relations and the achievements of bilateral relations over the past 50 years, and considered the way forward for China-Japan relations.
The 50th anniversary is a milestone in the course of China-Japan relations. Half a century ago, with extraordinary strategic vision and political courage, the then Chinese and Japanese leaders made a political decision to normalize relations and opened a new chapter in bilateral relations. Over the past five decades, the two sides have concluded four political documents and reached a series of important joint agreements, laying the political and legal foundation for bilateral relations. Exchanges and cooperation in various sectors have come a long way, which has not only brought significant benefits to the two peoples, but also contributed to regional and global peace, stability, development and prosperity.
Our world is going through major changes not seen in a century. As bilateral relations embark on the next 50-year journey, both sides must follow the indications of the important common understandings between our leaders, adhere to the principles laid down in the four political documents, renew the original aspiration behind the normalization of relations, stick to peace and friendship, develop mutually beneficial cooperation, handle differences well, and work together to build a Sino-Japanese relationship that answers the call of the new era.