Dover AFB and USDA turn off lights on Spotted Lanternfly> US Air Force> Post Display
The air force chose the 436th Civil Engineer Squadron the pest control section as the primary test center for future spotted lantern fly mitigation practices for military aircraft.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture has described the lantern fly as an invasive insect, native to Asia, which can damage crops, ornamental trees, vines, and forests, including its preferred host, the tree. of the invading sky, which we find in the Regions.
Known as a “hitchhiker” type insect, the pest is thought to have made its way to the United States in cargo containers aboard transport vessels. They attach themselves and lay eggs on objects, which then causes cash disbursements around the world.
436th CES, USDA Plant and Animal Health, Plant Protection and Quarantine Inspection Service Teamed Up to Perform Spotted Fly Mitigation Tests and Present Data to Council of parasite management of the armed forces.
“We are the base that does the most aircraft pest control and we generally compare anything related to aircraft pest control,” said Ken Barnes, infrastructure superintendent at 436th CES. “So all the questions that are asked about airplanes or what to do, they are put to us.”
Three chemicals were tested, including 10% d-phenothrin, Callington Aircraft Insecticide and Callington 1-Shot. Only 10% d-phenothrin is permitted for use on military aircraft requiring application of Japanese beetle insecticide.
“The basis behind this test is to see which of the three chemicals [we have] will be cleared for disinsection of aircraft, ”Barnes said. “None of them are universally approved for [Spotted Lanternflies, Japanese beetles and Zika]. This is what the USDA is doing here because the [Armed Forces Pest Management Board] wants to understand, once the 10% d-phenothrin aerosol supply runs out, what are we going to use next? “
Currently, 436th CES pest control personnel spray 10% d-phenothrin to disinsect planes against Japanese beetles and mosquitoes possibly carrying the Zika virus, however, this product is no longer produced.
Currently, New Castle and Kent counties in Delaware are subject to around 40 spotted flies, which means that many areas of these counties have been identified as being infested. The insects used in the tests conducted at Dover AFB were collected by USDA staff from a large population located in Wilmington, Delaware.
“The goal of the USDA cooperative program is mitigation at this point, more than eradication,” said Lianmarie Colon Torres, USDA plant protection specialist. “There are treatment and trapping strategies that the USDA has been implementing for the past few years to contain populations outside of quarantine areas.”
Three 1,200 cubic foot shipping containers were used to simulate an airplane cargo area where six modified plastic food containers, each containing spotted lanterns, were placed in each shipping container and then exposed to a specific insecticide before closing the door and left for 15 minutes. Mortality counts were taken at predetermined time intervals.
“It seems that the [insects] are very sensitive to most of the aerosols that we have experienced, ”said Colon Torres. “We see mortality in all of our experiments, but the 1-Shot appears to have 50-60% mortality per experiment.”
According to Colon Torres, the 1-Shot is a mixture of d-phenothrin and permethrin.
Project leader for testing, Dr. Phil Lewis, USDA-PPQ, Forest Pest Method Lab, is working to recommend a product to the Pest Management Board that can be used for pest control on military aircraft.
“I think [Spotted Lanternflies] are a big problem and it will be a big problem for years to come as it continues to spread, “said Lewis. “Usually homeowners discover new infestations of invasive pests. “
The test results provided to the pest management board will have a DoD-wide effect for pest mitigation practices.
“We are looking for populations settled around here,” Barnes said. “We don’t have one on base, but there are areas outside the perimeter of our base that have the Sky Tree.”
For more information on Spotted Lanternfly, visit the USDA website.